How to define a design system?

Design system enables fast, consistent, and simplified product design processes powered by design standards (principles, components and patterns).


3-7 days




UX designer, User researcher, Product manager

Getting Started

Secondary research is the gathering of information from existing sources like books, journals, online databases, videos, podcasts, etc. It is the research conducted using ‘secondary’ sources of information. Most often, it is done by browsing the internet, hence called ‘desk research’. Secondary research does not replace Primary research but supports it.


Secondary research is conducted to:

  • Understand the problem area 

  • Validate assumptions earlier in a project

  • Get a broader understanding of the subject 

  • To figure out what to dig deep into with Primary research

Secondary research helps in forming a view and understanding the context of a problem before starting to solve it. The secret sauce here is the combination of selecting sources of info and deriving insights. This is a cost-effective method of doing research during the earlier phases of a design project.

How to?

Here are some steps you can follow to conduct the secondary research: 

    1. Most important points

    2. Validated/invalidated hypothesis

    3. Important numeric/objective information

    4. What needs to be investigated with primary research

    5. Unexpected but related information

Do’s & Don'ts



  1. Keep the research open-ended.

  2. Be clear on what you are looking for.

  3. Use credible sources of data.

  4. Have a timeline for completion.

  5. Conclude with numeric data.

  6. Mention the sources of data.

  7. Do pay attention to the quality of the sources.

  1. Don’t start with a fixed outcome in mind.

  2. Don’t gather a lot of data, which ‘might’ be useful.

  3. Don’t get repeated information from multiple sources.

  4. Don’t use info from a single source.

  5. Don’t plagiarize information from sources.

  6. Don’t skip citations.


Suggested Tools 

  1. Google

  2. GoogleDocs

  3. Office365



Other Related Best Practices

  • User Research Basics

  • Get started with Design Analytics

  • How to Conduct Stakeholder Interviews

  • How to Conduct a Survey